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Fokus winter/spring 2010
We present and discuss current research and economic policy related topics in In-ternational Economics. This quarter about:
- <link 544#c8945>International financial regulation</link>
- <link 544#c8935>Trade impetus from Asia</link>
IMF members demand more capital for banks and recommend a level to limit debt. The IMF suggestion to set up new bank taxes, however, doesn't meet mutual consent.
Is the international-lender-of-last-resort IMF agenda passé? This column argues that the IMF could act as a “central bank swap clearing house” – an independent entity that manages existing and enhanced central bank swap agreements in one liquidity network for eligible countries and stands ready to step in with traditional programmes if liquidity fails.
As a direct consequence of the crisis the think-tank Avenir Suisse suggests a bankruptcy procedure for large banks.
This voxEU column argues that this loss of trust in the financial system played a critical role in the collapse of economic activity that followed. To undo the damage, financial regulation needs to focus on restoring that trust.
European Union finance ministers delayed a decision on new rules for hedge funds Tuesday in a reprieve for Britain, which fears that onerous regulations could drive the industry from London.
The EU is right in forcing more transparency on finacial investors single-handedly. But the restraints should not be too tight.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker called for urgent regulation of credit-default swaps to shore up the euro area and prevent a rerun of the Greek financial crisis.
With bets on a sovereign default investors put further pressure on Athens - straining the euro. The German Chancellor calls for strict savings in order to strengthen Greece against speculative attacks while others talk of unwrapping "instruments of torture" against hedge fonds. But concrete plans remain scarce.
Acording to calculations by Austria's National a bank tax would yield up to 911 million Euro in revenue. The bank underlignes that this estimate is not to be seen as a final answer to the question of taxing banks.
The latest contribution by the Brussels based think-tank Bruegel on the issue of a financial transaction tax.
Big damage, no consequence? Does the gambling go on unaltered after the crisis regardless of the consequences? Ostensibly this seems to be the case but in the background new regulations are drafted.
Group of Seven financial leaders agreed on the need to continue supporting their economies until financial recovery takes a firmer hold, but they have yet to reach a consensus on how to overhaul regulation of their financial sectors.
The Chinese stock exchange has faced a downright IPO party in the first quarter of 2010. In Europe potential newcomers are cautious.
The automobile manufacturer Volkswagen has capacity deficits in its most important market and therefore raises 1.6 billion euro more capital up to 2012 for China.
It is now more than an acronym created by the Goldman manager. On their second summit the group consisting of Brazilians, Russians, Indians and Chinese again demands more worldwide influence. But China tops them all.
The Thai stock market and the Thai currency dropped deepest in four months due to the unrests of the weekend.
If Beijing loosens controls on the yuan it may soon become one of the more important reserve currencies. Some experts estimate, that the yuan may outrun the pound or the yen. However, up to now the Chinese currency is not even freely tradable.
Should the US follow Paul Krugman’s advice and use protectionist policies against China’s exports to encourage a revaluation of its currency? This column argues against this idea. Far from saving jobs, a revaluation of the Chinese currency might even cut global economic growth by 1.5%.
This policy contribution from the Brussels based think-tank Bruegel discusses the emergence of China as a key economic and global player from a European perspective.
With China’s exports soaring, even as other major economies struggle to recover from the recession, evidence is mounting that Beijing is skillfully using inconsistencies in international trade rules to spur its own economy at the expense of others, including the United States.
International Herlad Tribune
More and more companies in industrialised countriesare targeted by poorer countries in their quest for potential take-overs. China and India are leading this development.
Asia’s booming developing powerhouses are clearly a pocket of great hope for the global economy but the region still faces significant economic challenges.
Economic growth in the last quarter 2009 was stronger than expected. The Japanese appear to be more inclined to consume than they used to be: For the first time in seven years domestic demand is driving growth.
China, which overtook Germany as the world’s biggest goods exporter last year, posted bumper export figures in January when shipments rose 21 per cent from the previous year.